and "Do animals have rights as well?". The Father of Ethics : Chanakya (350-275 BC), also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was born in Pataliputra, Magadh (modern Bihar), and later moved to Taxila, in Gandhar province (now in Pakistan). It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism). As a moral teacher, Diogenes emphasized detachment from many of those things conventionally considered "good". Cynicism is an ancient doctrine best exemplified by the Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinope, who lived in a tub on the streets of Athens. It asks questions like "How should people act?" After Hobbes, English and German schools of ethics have been differentiated. He taught that a life lived according to Nature was better than one that conformed to convention, and that a simple life is essential to virtue and happiness. Applied Ethics is a discipline of philosophy that attempts to apply ethical theory to real-life situations. Get your answers by asking now. Can you date a minor if they are the age of consent in your state? Natural law is a theory of ethics that says that human beings possess intrinsic values that govern our reasoning and behavior. 7. The development and practice of this method is one of Socrates's most enduring contributions, and is a key factor in him earning his mantle as the father of political philosophy, ethics or moral philosophy, and as a figurehead of all the central themes in Western philosophy. The word \"ethics\" is derived from the Greek \"ethos\" (meaning \"custom\" or \"habit\"). I was fired for turning down a date from a customer? These early Greek thinkers were all instrumental in the move away from a spiritual morality based on the supernatural, and the development of a more humanistic freethought (the view that beliefs should be formed on the basis of science and logic, and not be influenced by emotion, authority, tradition or dogma). This lesson examines the life and works of Peter F. Drucker, who is considered the Father of management theory. The other answers perhaps relate to the ethics connected with the Human being only. Chanakya (350-275 BC), also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was born in Pataliputra, Magadh (modern Bihar), and later moved to Taxila, in Gandhar province (now in Pakistan). 266-275. A meta-ethical theory, unlike a normative ethical theory (see below), does not attempt to evaluate specific choices as being better, worse, good, bad or evil; rather it tries to define the essential meaning and nature of the problem being discussed. The following would be questions of Applied Ethics: "Is getting an abortion immoral? Deontological ethics, in philosophy, ethical theories that place special emphasis on the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. Ten wonders were performed for our fathers in Egypt and ten at the sea. Some topics falling within the discipline include: Under the heading of Ethics, the major doctrines or theories include. He asserted that people will naturally do what is good provided that they know what is right, and that evil or bad actions are purely the result of ignorance: "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance". Applied Ethics is much more ready to include the insights of psychology, sociology and other relevant areas of knowledge in its deliberations. The word "ethics" is derived from the Greek "ethos" (meaning "custom" or "habit"). The term deontology is derived from the Greek deon, “duty,” and logos, “science.”. The Stoic philosopher Epictetus posited that the greatest good was contentment, serenity and peace of mind, which can be achieved by self-mastery over one's desires and emotions, and freedom from material attachments. It is the study of people's beliefs about morality, and implies the existence of, rather than explicitly prescribing, theories of value or of conduct. Black Friday starts off with whimper despite record day, No thanks: Lions fire Matt Patricia, GM Bob Quinn, How the post-election stocks rally stacks up against history, Reynolds, Lively donate $500K to charity supporting homeless. Unfortunately little, if any, of his works exist - except in the writings of his students who followed him, most notably Plato (see below) ... but the most studied and noted is his Nichomachean Ethics, which outlines what is referred to today as virtue ethics. (Applied Ethics), and "What does 'right' even mean?" Norbert Wiener (1948), Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the … The major meta-ethical views are commonly divided into two camps: Moral Realism and Moral Anti-Realism: An alternative division of meta-ethical views is between: Descriptive Ethics is a value-free approach to ethics which examines ethics from the perspective of observations of actual choices made by moral agents in practice. Normative Ethics (or Prescriptive Ethics) is the branch of ethics concerned with establishing how things should or ought to be, how to value them, which things are good or bad, and which actions are right or wrong. ? About Hedonism posits that the principal ethic is maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain. doctrines are by-passed (therefore Christian Ethics is not a scientific term anymore), we come to the illuminated times after the Medieval, and continue with Hobbes, the Father of Modern Ethics. Is it illegal to watch a pay per view fight that someone is streaming on youtube. His writings include various works on ethics, but the most studied and noted is his Nichomachean Ethics, which outlines what is referred to today as virtue ethics. Socrates, as recorded in Plato's dialogues, is customarily regarded as the father of Western ethics. Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. 6. Ethics (or Moral Philosophy) is concerned with questions of how people ought to act, and the search for a definition of right conduct (identified as the one causing the greatest good) and the good life (in the sense of a life worth living or a life that is satisfying or happy).