By this time the tradition was also firmly established in Korea. Thus, he set up medical assistance for human beings and beasts, maintained reservoirs and canals, and promoted trade. Throughout the Gupta and Pala periods, Hinayana Buddhists remained a major segment of the Indian Buddhist community. According to inscriptions from the Ashokan period, missionaries were sent to countries along the Mediterranean, although without success. Give two reasons for the expansion of Buddhism. It was during the Pala period (8th–12th centuries), however, that the Vajrayana tradition emerged as the most dynamic component of Indian Buddhist life. was an ideal time for the spread of Buddhism. In the centuries following the Buddha’s death, the story of his life was remembered and embellished, his teachings were preserved and developed, and the community that he had established became a significant religious force. Within the Hinayana tradition there emerged many different schools, most of which preserved a variant of the Tipitaka (which had taken the form of written scriptures by the early centuries of the Common Era), held distinctive doctrinal positions, and practiced unique forms of monastic discipline. those of Angkor-Vat in Cambodia); but it proved unable to maintain itself there. He sought to maintain unity in the Buddhist monastic community, however, and he promoted an ethic that focused on the layperson’s obligations in this world. Contribution # 3. Asoka and Mahinda. In the northeast Xuanzang visited various holy places and studied Yogachara philosophy at Nalanda. The new form of text associated with this tradition, the tantras, appeared during the Gupta period, and there are indications that distinctively Tantric rituals began to be employed at this time as well. Buddhism was … After visiting Assam and southern India, he returned to China, carrying with him copies of more than 600 sutras. By the 13th century CE, one of the early Buddhist schools, called the Theravada, “the way of the elders,” had become the dominant tradition of South and Southeast Asia. Black Friday Sale! During this period Buddhist monastic centres proliferated, and there developed diverse schools of interpretation concerning matters of doctrine and monastic discipline. … The Gupta empire at the end of the 4th century. It should be emphasized, however, that many Hinayana and Mahayana adherents continued to live together in the same monastic institutions. The most famous of the Chinese travelers, however, was the 7th-century monk Xuanzang. Missionaries dispatched by King Ashoka introduced the religion to southern India and to the northwest part of the subcontinent. Later it was replaced by the lnnayanist form of the faith. As for its propagation towards the east, mahayanistic Hindu Buddhism penetrated into Burma, Siam, and Cambodia, where its presence is attested by numerous ruins (e.g. He exerted even more influence posthumously, through stories that depicted him as a chakravartin (“world monarch”; literally “a great wheel-rolling monarch”). Premium Membership is now 50% off! Bahasa Indonesia: Penyebaran ajaran Buddha, berasal dari India pada abad ke-6 SM ke seluruh Asia hingga kini (dalam Bahasa Inggris). At the same time, the Buddhist laity came to include important members of the economic and political elite. Buddhism is a religion that was founded by Siddhartha Gautama (“The Buddha”) more than 2,500 years ago in India. 1. They also advocated the practice of new Tantric forms of ritual practice that were designed both to generate magical power and to facilitate more rapid progress along the path to enlightenment. Missionaries dispatched by King Ashoka introduced the religion to southern India and to the northwest part of the subcontinent. Throughout the first five centuries A.D., … Buddhist Expansion Across Central and East Asia Expansion into China. In India, Buddhism began to wane in the 6th and 7th centuries CE when devotional Hinduism replaced Buddhism in the south and Hephthalite Huns invaded and sacked monasteries in the north. He instructed his monks to go forth in the world and expound his teachings. Expansion Of Buddhism. Although he promoted Buddhism, he did not found a state church, and he was known for his respect for other religious traditions. It is therefore very difficult to distinguish the Ashoka of history from the Ashoka of Buddhist legend and myth. Such was the expansion of Buddhism in the regions to the north of India. Some of the members of that community were, like the Buddha himself, wandering ascetics. According to later tradition, this expansion was greatly facilitated by Kanishka, a great Kushana king of the 1st or 2nd century ce, who ruled over an area that included portions of northern India and Central Asia. Their continued cultivation of various aspects of Buddhist teaching led to the emergence of the Yogachara school, the second great tradition of Mahayana philosophy. This form of Buddhism that first developed in India and later flourished in East Asia is known as the Mahayana, or “Great Vehicle.”, In the 8th century, Buddhism, shaped by the Tantric traditions of northeast India, spread to the high mountain plateau of Tibet.