The web's source of information for Ancient History: definitions, articles, timelines, maps, books, and illustrations. Rulers & Politics David chose the Canaanite city of Jerusalem as his capital and is said to have had the Ark of the Covenant moved there. $('.chk_timeline_types').change(function() { 17th Century BC. Indeed, for a period, they ruled their own independent kingdom (164-63 BCE). Dates regarding biblical figures and events cannot be confirmed. The northern kingdom of Israel was conquered by the Assyrians in 722 BCE, and the southern kingdom of Judah fell to the Babylonians in 586 BCE. This revolved around a set of ideas based on the proposition that God was not just the one true God; he was also a God of love; that he required, not just religious ceremonial, but a worship of the heart, and one rooted in the “good life” – a life lived with generosity, mercy and love. Famine forces the Israelites to migrate to Egypt. The kingdom shortly divided into two halves, and, thus weakened, the Israelites fell victim to the great powers of the region. They traced their descent to a nomadic clan chief called Abram, several centuries before, who had migrated to Canaan from Mesopotamia. 1917 - The Ottoman Empire is defeated by the British. The leading men of Judah are taken into exile in Babylon. In this period, the first Chinese calendar was produced. Year Date Event 1882: 15 May: The Russian emperor Alexander III … It was also unique in that, tiny though ancient Israel was, it has had a greater, more direct impact on world history than almost any other ancient civilization. Only those of ancient India and ancient China can match it, and they were of incomparably greater size. Categories: He and his son, Solomon, established their capital at Jerusalem, which also became the chief centre of the Israelite religion after Solomon built the only permitted temple there. 734 Tyre falls to Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria. The Patriarchs of the Israelites, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob bring the belief in One God to the Promised Land where they settle. In short, they were required to treat each other – including women and foreigners – with respect and consideration. Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt. var timelineTypesChecked = []; Timeline of Jewish History. The birthplace of the Jewish people is the Land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael). The Ancient Israelites settled the land of Canaan sometime between 1300 and 1200 BCE. 1914 - World War I begins. There, a significant part of the nation's long history was enacted, of which the first thousand years are recorded in the Bible; there, its cultural, religious, and national identity was formed; and there, its physical presence has been maintained through the centuries, even after the majority was forced into exile. Israel’s future borders are clearly defined in Ezek 47.13-20, and again the eastern boundary runs along the Jordan (v18). Philosophy & Religion The Ottoman Empire will rule until the 1900s. 1. During this period of division and decline, the Israelites developed a tradition of prophecy whereby a succession of men felt that they had been called by God to speak his messages to the people. 1000 BCE. 1600 BCE Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – forefathers of the Jewish people and bearers of the faith in one God – settle in the Land of Israel he tribes of Israel go down to Egypt because of a severe famine in the Land of Israel 736 Pekah becomes king of Israel till 732. Modern Day Israel. He builds the Temple in Jerusalem c. 620: A major religious revival takes place in the southern kingdom of Judah 597-582: Judah and Jerusalem are destroyed in a series of invasions by king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. tl_categories_checked(); Time Period. The History of Ancient Palestine – an in-depth survey of the history of Palestine. Israel History Timeline. For the first time in history, as far as we know, a religion had appeared which concerned the worship of only one god. War(fare) & Battles His descendants had then migrated on to Egypt. The borders also include Gaza, significant parts of present-day Syria and probably all of Lebanon. The Israelite religion was not just unique at that time in recognizing a single god. This focuses particularly on the history of ancient Israel, but also covers the other peoples of the region. 1517 - The Ottoman Empire conquers the Mamluk Sultanate and takes control of Israel. These men came from different backgrounds, and clearly had different levels of education; but, in the course of warning the Israelites of impending doom unless they returned to obeying God, they developed a consistent religious philosophy. 735 Ahaz becomes king of Judah till 715. – All the World’s history, at your fingertips –. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt. 538: The Persian king Cyrus allows the exiles back, and encourages them to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalemeval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'timemaps_com-box-4','ezslot_6',118,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'timemaps_com-box-4','ezslot_7',118,'0','1'])); 164: The Jews revolt against the Seleucid kings under the leadership of the Maccabbees brothers, 63: The Romans conquer Judaea and soon install the family of Herod the Great as rulers of Judaea, 66-73 and 132-5 CE: Two great Jewish rebellions against the Romans end in the destruction of the Temple (70) and the expulsion of the Jews from near Jerusalem (135). Out of Judaism sprang Christianity, the main religion of Western civilization. The Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah were two related Israelite kingdoms from the Iron Age period of the ancient Southern Levant. 1920 - The British take over Israel as part of the Palestine Mandate. In any case, it barely outlasted Akhenaton’s death. Arts & Culture Israel developed into a united kingdom under the leadership of King David (c.1035-970 BCE) who consolidated the various tribes under his single rule (having taken over from Israel’s first king, Saul, who ruled c. 1080-1010 BCE). The existence of written documents from long ago has allowed the development in China of precise historiographical tradition that offers a continuous narration from the first dynasties to the contemporary age.2100-1600 BCThe First Chinese Dynasty, Xia, was a slavery-based society that allowed private property. Here, according to their ancestral records, they had been mistreated and enslaved, before escaping en masse and moving back up to Canaan. The following is a timeline of Israel's history from God's covenant with Abraham to present … By that time, in fact, there were many more Jews living outside Judaea than inside it; however, this prohibition marks the true start of the “Diaspora”, the scattering of the Jews amongst the nations. 3. function tl_categories_checked() { Ancient Israel was just a small nation in its day, but it has left a greater mark on the modern world than virtually any other. c. 1300-1200 BCE: The Israelites enter the land of Canaan: the age of the Judges startseval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'timemaps_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_0',112,'0','0'])); c. 1050-1010: The Israelites establish a kingdom, first under Saul (c.1050-1010) and then under David (c.1010-970), c. 970: David’s son Solomon becomes king. Initially, the Israelites formed a loose confederation of twelve tribes. David rules Judea, first. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. By implication, this god was the universal God, the One who controlled all things.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'timemaps_com-banner-1','ezslot_9',119,'0','0'])); The only possible rival to the Israelite claim to have the first monotheistic religion in world history is found in the reforms of the Egyptian Pharaoh, Akhenaton (died c.1335 BCE). Biblical Period . }); In any case, around 6BCE, Judaea was placed under direct Roman rule (though outlying regions remained under the rule of Herodian puppets).